What are carbohydrates?
What are carbohydrates? Carbohydrates are chemical composition of sugar, fibers, fat, glycogen, starch. Carbohydrate is the main source of energy in the body. Carbohydrates are one of the macronutrients in the body. Carbohydrates are very essential for a body because it provides enough energy to the body. Carbohydrates work like fuel for the body. Carbohydrates consist of carbon+hydrogen+oxygen atoms. Carbohydrates lower your cholesterol level. 1 gram of carbohydrates contains 4grams calories. When carbohydrates go into the body it breaks into glucose, sugar, fibers. Fibers are essential for a good digestive system. Carbohydrates are also good and bad too.
Types of carbohydrates.
There are mainly divided into two types on the bases of its molecules:
Simple carbohydrates: It is sugar and it consists of only one or two molecules. It provides a rapid source of energy in the body. But consumption of simple carbohydrates food soon feels hungry again after some time of consumption.
Examples: Bread, cookies, candies, and sugar, etc.
Complex carbohydrates: It consists of a long chain of molecules of sugar. The consumption of complex carbohydrates fulfills your requirement of food and fills you up for a long time. It is more healthy and full of vitamins.
Example: wheat, pulses, vegetables, etc.
Importance of carbohydrates:
Carbohydrates are important because it provides energy to the body generates glucose in the body. And glucose is very important for energy in the body as well as in the brain too. It works as a fuel for the body. After entering into the body carbohydrates converts into sugar which converts into glucose and provides energy to the body. Carbohydrates prevent the breakdown of protein for energy. Carbohydrates fulfill the requirement of energy in the body by consuming foods full of carbohydrates. It stores in your body in the form of energy.
Importance of carbohydrates in bodybuilding:
Carbohydrates are very important for bodybuilders it plays very important for them to produce enough energy in the gym and helps them in the prevention of protein from the breakdown in the body. As we know that carbohydrates are the main source of energy. It is essential for bodybuilders to consume a high carbohydrate diet. Carbohydrates are divided into two types:
- Simple carbohydrates
- Complex carbohydrates
Simple carbohydrates foods are an instant source of energy but not fill you up for a long time it is best for a pre-workout meal. Because it doesn’t get so heavy and it is comfortable before the workout.
Complex carbohydrates food is best after the workout you can add these as your post-workout meal. Because it fills you up and helps in the recovery of energy and glucose in the body.
Carbohydrates in food
- Corn-175grams: 41 grams of carbohydrates
- Banana-1: 27 grams of carbohydrates
- Brown bread-1 slice: 17 grams of carbohydrates.
- Dates-2 pieces: 36 grams of carbohydrates
- Potato-1: 37 grams of carbohydrates
- White bread-1 slice: 14 grams of carbohydrates.
- Sweet Potato-1: 24 grams of carbohydrates
- Kidney beans: 40 grams of carbohydrates
- Mango slice165grams: 28 grams of carbohydrates
- Sweet Yogurt-245grams: 47 grams of carbohydrates
- Pasta-250gram: 43 grams of carbohydrates
- Chickpeas: 45 grams of carbohydrates
- Honey: 17 grams of carbohydrates
- Milk-240ml: 13 grams of carbohydrates
So these are some foods with carbohydrates in it.